The Role of Robotics in the Assessment and Protection of Marine Ecosystem Services: A Refreshing Look at the Oceans
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Oceans play a key role in society and are extremely important to our well-being and survival. They provide a wide range of essential ecosystem services, like regulating global climate, absorbing a significant amount of carbon dioxide, providing food and marine resources, and harbouring an impressive diversity of marine species. However, the oceans face several challenges, e.g., overfishing, pollution, climate change and the degradation of coastal habitats. Protecting and assessing ocean ecosystem services is crucial to ensure the health of marine ecosystems and the livelihoods of coastal communities. This involves creating marine protected areas, establishing sustainable fishing practices, reducing marine pollution, and promoting the preservation and requalification of coastal habitats. The assessment of ocean ecosystem services allows for an in-depth understanding of the benefits provided by marine ecosystems, facilitating informed decision-making for the sustainable management of marine resources and the preservation of marine biodiversity.