Vol. 1 No. 6 (2023): Empowering the blue economy through innovation and technology

Societal challenges and marine geology

Fátima Abrantes
Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA), Lisbon, Portugal & Centre for Marine Sciences (CCMAR), University of the Algarve
Pedro Terrinha
Centre for Marine Sciences (CCMAR), University of the Algarve

Published 2023-07-05

How to Cite

Abrantes, F., & Terrinha, P. (2023). Societal challenges and marine geology. INESC TEC Science&Society, 1(6). Retrieved from https://science-society.inesctec.pt/index.php/inesctecesociedade/article/view/123


The ocean is not only vast, but also complex. Nowadays, we cannot perceive it exclusively as a part of the Earth's hydrosphere - although this notion alone makes the ocean a complex system, consisting of water masses with specific physical and chemical properties, which move in different directions and at different depths.